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Ausgezeichnete Betreuung

Im Rahmen der Doctoral Academy fördert die Universität Graz gezielt eine intensive fachliche Betreuung von Doktorand*innen durch Teams von Betreuungspersonen, die zum Teil auch von Postdocs unterstützt werden. Zudem zeichnet die Universität Graz herausragende Betreuungspersönlichkeiten mit einem eigenes geschaffenen Preis, dem Seraphine-Puchleitner-Preis für ausgezeichnete Doktorand*innenbetreuung, aus, um auch auf der individuellen Ebene der wissenschaftlichen Nachwuchsförderung institutionelle Wertschätzung zu signalisieren. Gute Dissertationsbetreuung kann über sehr verschiedene Zugänge erfolgen, unten finden sich Beispiele für Standards guter Betreuung sowie weiterführende Materialien.

  1. Eine gute Betreuung kann durch kontinuierlichen fachlichen Austausch, durch inhaltlich-thematische Anregungen sowie durch methodische Hinweise maßgeblich zur Qualitätssteigerung der Dissertation beitragen.
  2. Eine optimale Betreuung fördert - insbesondere durch Unterstützung beim klaren Zuschnitt des Dissertationsprojekts und durch Beratung beim Zeitmanagement - den zügigen Fortgang und Abschluss des Promotionsvorhabens.
  3. Eine gute Betreuung bietet Hilfestellung beim Erwerb von Zusatzqualifikationen, die für die spätere berufliche Karriere (innerhalb und außerhalb des Hochschulbetriebs) unerlässlich sind.
  4. Schließlich legt eine gute Betreuung den Grundstein für eine disziplinäre und interdisziplinäre Vernetzung der Promovierenden und leistet auch auf diese Weise einen entscheidenden Beitrag zu beruflichem Erfolg, auch über den Abschluss der Promotion hinaus.

aus Gymnich, Marion und Stedman, Gesa: Doktorandenbetreuung: Betreuungsmodelle und Qualitätskriterien. In: Nünning, Ansgar und Sommer, Roy (Hrsg.): Handbuch Promotion. Forschung - Förderung - Finanzierung. Verlag J.B.Metzler 2007. S.81


Weitere Beispiele für Betreuungsstandards:

Taylor, Stan and Beasley, Nigel: A Handbook for Doctoral Supervisors. Routledge London and New York, 2005

Stock, Schneider, Peper, Molitor (Hrsg.): Erfolgreich promovieren. Ein Ratgeber von Promovierten für Promovierende. Springer 2009 (2. Aufl.)

Promovierende müssen mit ihrer Betreuerin/ihrem Betreuer eine Betreuungsvereinbarung abschließen, in der die Rechte und Pflichten von Studierenden wie Betreuenden festgelegt sind. Es gibt eine deutschsprachige und eine englischsprachige Version der Betreuungsvereinbarung.

Kumar S, Kumar V, Taylor S (2020): A Guide to Online Supervision. Guide for Supervisors, UK Council for Graduate Education, Online-Manual.

Taylor S, Beasley N, Kiley, M. (2017) A Handbook for Doctoral Supervisors. Second Edition. New York: Routledge
A very practice-orientated book on the whole supervision process from start to finish. The first author is from the natural sciences.

Delamont S, Atkinson P, Parry O. (1997) Supervising the PhD. A guide to success. Open University Pres, USA.
A slightly older, internationally renowned book that contains many good "tips and tricks", specific cases and clear actions.

Eley A, & Murray R. (2009) How to be an Effective Supervisor. Best practice in research student supervision. Open University Press, Berkshire: McGraw-Hill.
A textbook on the facilitation and administration of supervision processes both in relation to the university as an institution and in relation to strategies for the individual supervision meeting.

Eley A, & Jennings R. (2005) Effective Postgraduate Supervision. Improving the Student/Supervisor Relationship. Open University, London, UK.
Very useful, case-based and problem-oriented book with 30 problem cases and specific proposals for supervisors and administrators.

Lee, A. (2012). Successful Research Supervision. Advising Students Doing Research. London & New York: Routledge.
The book offers a research-based practical framework for supervisors. It guides the reader through a series of exercises to identify their individual strengths and weaknesses and then provides theoretically sound advice in a practical and easy to use format.

Wisker, G. (2012): The Good Supervisor. Supervising Postgraduate and Undergraduate Research for Doctoral Theses and Dissertations. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2nd edition
The book covers core elements and phases in the supervision processes. It contains both strategies for supervision of the project/thesis and the process as a whole, and strategies for the individual supervision meeting. The book is more theoretical than instructive though.


Thanks a lot to Gitte Wichmann-Hansen for providing us with these useful tipps!

Gitte Wichmann-Hansen, public lecture on May 16, 2019: Successful Supervision: A Two-Way Process

Online resources if you only have 15 minutes

Thanks a lot to Gitte Wichmann-Hansen for providing us with these useful links!

Supervision – Graduate and Postdoctoral Support: A very strong resource from McGill University. The best!! It is aimed at PhD supervisors and it includes a number of concrete evidence based advice. For each sub-element, there is three tabs: 1) Practical advice, 2) Ideas for reflection, & 3) Research and evidence.

Vitae: A compelling web page from Vitae, which is a national development forum in UK working specifically with quality development and assurance of PhD supervision

To lead the way: Danish brochure translated into English with the title "To lead the way". It contains good advice on the PhD supervision process based on interviews with supervisors and students from all faculties at the University of Copenhagen.

Western Guides on Graduate Supervision: Here you find two recommendable and easy-to-read brochures with good advice for PhD supervisors. One of the brochures is specifically about supervision across cultures: Western Guide to Mentoring Graduate Students Across Cultures. The brochures were developed by The Teaching Support Center at the University of Western Ontario.

Postgraduate Environments: A new resource page from 2017 that includes advice on all parts of a PhD study process from enrolment to the PhD defence, in particular it focuses on how to integrate students into the research environment. The web page is aimed at students as well as supervisors. It is a collaboration between 12 European Universities.

 

WEB-RESSOURCEN:

Resources directed specifically at PhD students

Thesis whisperer: This is a blog newspaper dedicated to the topic of doing a thesis and is edited by Dr Inger Mewburn, Director of research training at the Australian National University. The blog is also worth reading as a supervisor!

Thomson: This website is managed by Pat Thomson, Professor of Education in the School of Education, The University of Nottingham. The main idea is to help doctoral students write. The site is mainly directed at students writing within the humanistic and social science disciplines.

DoctoralWriting SIG: A very useful blog that is administrered bythree distinguished australian researchers within doctoral writing.

 

LITERATUR:

Andersen, Ö. Efficient Scientific Writing: Write Better Papers, Faster. 2019. ISBN: 978-91-519-1855-6.
A new and very practical book on writing targeted at students in the natural sciences. It provides advice on the writing product (how to select material, build an argument, work from draft to finished, publishable text) and the writing process (on creating good writing habits).

Booth WC, Colomb GG, Williams JM, Bizup J, & Fitzgerald WT. (2016): The Craft of Research. 4rd edition, Chicago: The University of Chicago.
A classic work on the elements that any good research text should consist of.  Especially, Chapter 3. From Topics to Questions and 4. From Questions to a Problem as well as the entire part III on Making Good Arguments seems to be helpful to students.

Gardiner M, & Kearns H. (2012) The ABCDE of Writing:  Coaching high-quality high-quantity writing.
Experienced by PhD students when they have to write and offers good advice on how to handle these challenges.

Gosling P, & Noordam B. (2006)  Mastering Your PhD – Survival and Success in the Doctoral Years and Beyond. London: Springer.
A good and easy-to-read book for PhD students specifically within the "hard" sciences such as the natural sciences and health sciences.

Johnson S. (2011) Getting it Across. A Guide to Effective Academic Writing. Amsterdam: Techne Press.
A really good hands-on guide to effective academic writing in English. Provides an indispensable 'recipe' on how to write an introduction to scientific articles.

Lindsay, D (2011) Scientific writing = Thinking in Words. CSIRO Publishing. I SBN: 9780643101579.
A very accurate guide on how to structure articles, and what each section should ideally contain and how it is communicated in scientific language. Targeted at students within natural and health sciences.

Lovitts B. (2007): Making the Implicit Explicit. Creating Performance Expectations for the Dissertation. Sterling, Virginia: Stylus Publishing. 
Extensive empirical research on quality criteria for the PhD dissertations within 12 subjects based on focus group interviews with a large number of supervisors. With suggestions on how criteria for a good dissertation can be used for formative feedback. It is very interesting to read about one’s own subject and, for the supervisor in particular, about providing criteria-based formative feedback on drafts. 438 essential pages!

Murray R. (2011) How to Write a Thesis. 3rd.Edition, NY: Open University Press
Straightforward and extensive detailed help for the process and product. Perhaps the best current handbook on writing a PhD.

Paltridge B, & Starfield S. (2007) Thesis and Dissertation Writing in a Second Language – a handbook for Supervisors. London: Routledge.
Forget  that the title is "in a second language' – it is a very informative, genre-based guide, with really good chapters about how to write an introduction, literature review, discussion and methodology sections and conclusions. Just as relevant for PhD students, as it is more about genre requirements than supervision.

Pearce L. (2005) How to Examine a Thesis. The Society for Research into Higher Education. OUP, London, UK.
If you are new as a PhD evaluator, this is a good guide to criteria and the entire assessment and defense process.

Tinkler P, & Jackson C. (2004) The Doctoral Examination Process. A handbook for students, examiners and supervisors. Berkshire: Open University Press.
An entire book on the PhD defense seen from the perspective of all parties, including assessment criteria, dialogue etc.

Trafford V, & Leshem S. (2008) Stepping Stones to Achieving your Doctorate. By focusing on your viva from the start. NY: Open University Press.
A textbook on writing a PhD dissertation. It is constructed around an essential point: that good writing starts with precise knowledge of the objectives/requirements for the final product, i.e. that the work and the supervision process should ideally take place “from back to front” with focus on the defense.


Thanks a lot to Gitte Wichmann-Hansen for providing us with these useful tipps!

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